安寧療護資源

阿珠雖從小接種了B型肝炎疫苗,但因抗體消失,仍感染B肝。

她不知每半年要做腹部超音波,及抽血檢驗αFP胎兒蛋白的重要性,等發現肝癌時,腫瘤已9公分大了,無法手術割除。

家人決意隱瞞真相,只告知她是肝臟良性腫瘤。
阿珠家人聽信親友勸告,採用自然療法及另類療法。

但癌細胞迅速擴展,短短4個月,病人已達末期狀態,且腹部極度疼痛。

阿珠母親在教會機構工作,牧師師母對安寧療護有正確的觀念及良好的經驗,
力勸女孩父母送她到安寧病房,減輕痛苦,並做身、心、靈的撫慰與照護。
阿珠父母去參訪了安寧病房,感覺滿意,也希望女兒入住;
無奈,女孩的姊姊極力反對,她說:「只要我妹妹活著一天,我就絕不讓她進安寧病房!」

阿珠因而繼續住在一般內科病房,但因疼痛控制不佳,天天痛得哀嚎呻吟,一心求死。

如此過了三周,最後肝癌腫瘤破裂,女孩在恨聲尖叫中嚥氣!

 

 

台灣的民眾對安寧療護的認知往往是負面的,但事實上,安寧療護已在先進國家非常普及,且是受到世界衛生組織(WHO)大力推展的醫療專業,是造福無數受苦病人的現代醫療。

安寧療護不是等死、不是放棄希望、不是放棄積極治療!畢竟,在醫學中根本沒有「積極治療」或「消極治療」的名詞。相關醫療種類的分類有:治癒性治療、疾病控制、支持性治療、緩和性治療、及末期臨終照護,要選擇哪一種治療,需依照病人的病情而定,而非視病人接受哪位醫師的治療或住在哪個病房。

例如,一位多發性器官衰竭的病人,由於心、肝、腎、肺等都已衰敗,又不可能全身器官換一套新的,雖然是住在加護病房(ICU),此時唯一能做的只有支持性治療與緩和性治療而已!

世界衛生組織認為,緩和性治療需從診斷初期就介入。安寧療護則包括支持與緩和性治療、末期臨終照護及哀傷撫慰,其醫療團隊應受過至少80小時以上,並累積豐富經驗的醫護專業人員才能答覆安寧療護的功能:

1.減輕病人痛苦,提升生活品質。

2.延長有品質的生命。

3.治療的方針所得之利大於弊。

4.四全照顧—全人、全家、全程、全隊照顧。

5.生死兩無憾。

 
預立安寧緩和醫療暨維生醫療抉擇意願書

 

1981至1983年,在榮總重症病房服務的趙可式,看著病人接二連三因受不了病痛折磨自殺;醫護人員做急救,只是為了家屬看了安心,卻讓病人在臨終前痛苦萬分,她覺得很挫折。比起醫生,身為一位護士必須終日服侍病人在側,看著病人痛苦卻幫不上忙,她認為醫療的本質不該是這樣。

靠著自修,趙可式在文獻上接觸到「hospice(安寧緩和醫療)」,她知道這將會是她一生要做的事。為了接受完整的「安寧緩和醫療」訓練,1987年,趙可式決定出國進修。她到美國取得安寧緩和醫療博士學位後,又到英國學習。1993年回臺後,在一群志同道合的醫師、護士與社工人員幫助下,趙可式逐漸建立出臺灣安寧緩和醫療系統。

當年那位「敢跟大醫生頂嘴」的小護士,走上專門照顧末期病患的「安寧緩和醫療」,護士出身的趙可式將「護理」專長發揮到極致。如今趙可式更教導醫生、護理人員,要學習醫「生」也要懂得醫「死」,因為即使醫學日新月異,死亡仍然無法避免。趙可式的成就為臺灣醫療人員「生死教育」的里程碑,更進一程。

(上文引用至「臺灣女人」研究計畫)

 

  • 認識安寧療護

影片資源:

安寧療護入門─一般民眾自學教材1

安寧療護入門─一般民眾自學教材2

安寧療護入門─一般民眾自學教材3

*實用照顧技巧:防止吸入性肺炎 床上餵食「兩個90度」

*實用照顧技巧:「抱病人上床」

 

報導文章:

《病人自主權利法》專訪 | 趙可式教授

推動安寧緩和醫療 趙可式讓生命美到最後 | 康健雜誌

促成安寧陪伴的天使——擁抱死亡的趙可式 | 神國資源為基督協會

【一鏡到底】好好活為了好好死 安寧療護之母趙可式 | 鏡週刊

 

 

MOOCs 課程《生命不可承受之重─從醫學看生死》

全套課程播放清單:

(包括兒童對死亡的認知、安寧療護、疼痛控制、臨終病人及家屬的靈性需要與照護...)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGh7qFVRZDg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

(什麼是MOOCS?

MOOCs,Massive Open Online Courses,又稱為「磨課師」,也就是「大規模開放式線上課程」,透過網路,把課程開放給大量線上使用者參與學習過程。)

 

MOOCs 課程簡介

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGh7qFVRZDg&index=1&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第一章-1~2 兒童對死亡的認知

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mq0cdor_2m8&index=2&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sxdb_kOKNb4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=3

 

第一章-3 粉紅小公主

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLBR6wBAc6Y&index=4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第一章-4 成熟的死亡概念

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYUCy_101P4&index=5&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第二章-1~23 臨終照護的倫理與法律

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jeBvtFLRUS8&index=6&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQdkwKcV56k&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=7

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SaoSt_6_chE&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bHvw_Vf-j0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=9

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpBK4pW2yds&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=10

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygcdMX-wx3M&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=11

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18qrp0XB2dk&index=12&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSG1qwR2qWI&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=13

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMYzz9nQa44&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=14

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2Tu8CkefqA&index=15&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=preqc_kWLcA&index=16&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ey3uQ5SAg5g&index=17&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHsCB8rdAHI&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=18

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxWSyqVTm8g&index=19&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=84YH3SpfzDc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=20

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBjS31aZGwM&index=21&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yI7CNmbNcb0&index=22&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umaYZgp1P8M&index=23&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIuV-jRZZg0&index=24&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFAXI7yvJ4M&index=25&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4rXR6Kc-z4&index=26&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WfvnI5WJwwM&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=27

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8glYzmQZpOs&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=28

 

第三章-1~25 安寧療護

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pEfDUo8G0gE&index=29&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2RuXRezV_e0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=30

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2RgzqxCIDg&index=31&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VypaPq_BycE&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=32

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lxRQ2l52m_w&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=33

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OwjBTt_Eymc&index=34&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jwCUCAvC4Js&index=35&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CyLjIEp2YBk&index=36&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPOlGYg9vx8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=37

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNI2JO-WxQY&index=38&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=njpyyRcgH_s&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=39

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyheO7jnCLc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=40

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_yn9c-yRlAY&index=41&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SM0fhjzZPjc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=42

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jd2jkuW8yk0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=43

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RR65fGnt-f0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=44

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SwVCDr8r6fA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=45

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaG6kASb444&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=46

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9iOicbVu3vk&index=47&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hELXWzcIDuU&index=48&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jhdtdDC3IJ4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=49

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wtzm6HSJeZc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=50

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZP09mcfcVFA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=52

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUAC_EplxXQ&index=53&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第四章-1~10 豐富臨終病人及家屬的生命

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ORbN8SbE0Js&index=54&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkeXMdzjN6o&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=55

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pku0de7cRw&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=56

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuS9et9Suq8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=57

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qrkzKt7yiSw&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=58

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ID39maP16M&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=59

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IbIn5eQhpYM&index=60&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cgBvOtA_poE&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=61

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAQ4aWAndj8&index=62&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xXYDoz_RJEQ&index=63&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第五章-1~12 失落與哀傷

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ScHgJjckafo&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=64

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5ATt7nfn_g&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=65

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXtgjQpLgNg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=66

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4tUu8qHhJxU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=67

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mzRkX9COSk&index=68&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27ZPExPg_hI&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=69

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2Gn2xzy1Ps&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=70

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9jZOfQYED4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=71

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_8-4xiwOUqw&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=72

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMyKX-p9Q0g&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=73

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jagYRPqad7s&index=74&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j3uX0dz69u0&index=75&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第六章-1~2 症狀控制概論

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DyP9rXieRVY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=76

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMtoIuluFts&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=77

 

第六章-3~13 疼痛控制

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sgqm6xj4QY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=78

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPkUkX2EP34&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=79

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lEs36n1Rn7Q&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=80

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mb2INC5BJh8&index=81&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LrJZn3YQT0g&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=82

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-CEgK4ZbGk&index=83&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qC8tqSBpqCo&index=84&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3XA2oBCD8I&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=85

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pciYnKXxWiM&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=86

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yWYYldFxcDM&index=87&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-5GmIf48L8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=88

 

第六章-14~19 呼吸困難與想像治療

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MaL4f6nNpHU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=89

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_xWBX_9X3U&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=90

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dt9YrunDr34&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=91

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7tN6qbQ6oA&index=92&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3eCTw6W33o4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=93

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLu0vPTZwOY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=94

 

第六章-20~21 紅臀護理

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EYoF2uoCKcY&index=95&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo8lN0Aw_fw&index=96&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第六章-22 床上擦澡

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pv_tUwDNVC4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=97

 

第七章-1~32 臨終病人的心理需要與照護

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zmBHwgtgkY&index=98&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blzOR0JBACk&index=99&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_WfaFuYwTU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=100

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hu2KrR_gfds&index=101&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zgAiiQvz5gY&index=102&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDsyP4HoG5w&index=103&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMIsL7ibv54&index=104&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMb5GNsUTcQ&index=105&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jX2Cd6HLLp0&index=106&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jX2Cd6HLLp0&index=106&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OAodELtB8Ps&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=108

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9QUpFplPQiU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=109

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKXm5qpmyhI&index=110&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KIaXEMVvn0c&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=111

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emtMFRXReIk&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=112

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kInjwFipFAg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=113

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9dBlp13HMU&index=114&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tw5kN3ZWvwA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=115

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FwHv2M7vQKM&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=116

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H0JFjKomB2U&index=117&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ly0BQCX8Qac&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=118

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K73M3djgQdk&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=119

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IU6ef6Gmxv8&index=120&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRzP24xHxq0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=121

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBH2GEXcbns&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=122

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X3gGJZ3Gfrg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=123

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzBh4onpSQI&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=124

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV4GsHy6N_M&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=125

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ECXoSBJIdxg&index=126&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QJOj4IXJN_4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=127

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JbTt6H1e1gA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=128

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFHkicP4bFw&index=129&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第八章-1~20 臨終病人家屬的需要與照護

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zz29wUFFAVg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=130

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVzRBglz33Q&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=131

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-zAfaKd8j8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=132

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bo8GigmKs8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=133

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lY56kSxp2Y&index=134&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LBJAd850h8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=135

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saUsl2PIn1I&index=136&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VDLDe71jswo&index=137&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJ3HLEh-rfc&index=138&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYmrDTMznZQ&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=139

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SOIkiS8lKvk&index=140&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TK2RBAt2c4Y&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=141

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqhkHXcQJCo&index=142&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6DnYqARIqW0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=143

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=prLolMbQ2SI&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=144

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6BptsW-Dno&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=145

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m93GTtUBmXM&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=146

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ap4rXeVef5c&index=147&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO3ID4WPCC8&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=148

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIN7IITuFqs&index=149&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

 

第九章-1~33 臨終病人家屬的靈性需要與照護

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-xrvJErbGU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=150

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gR7sMGaDFVk&index=151&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euD7AlJ1w2s&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=152

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=isgJZAt9BTw&index=153&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sEJgcaXc1Gg&index=154&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VrfvfNhpxYc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=155

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaoTX45HvMA&index=156&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmiU9XefwWY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=157

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cplh2MIIHpY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=158

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIZ3t7iecCU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=159

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Duv2NPzBfE&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=160

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EehNFoMhb74&index=161&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vV3Mp8w2l7A&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=162

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=40iGqJZKb78&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=163

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bugBjuS9cZw&index=164&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tuC_lt-fauA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=165

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fI2K1ja7KwA&index=166&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ocJDoL5MPyg&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=167

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tp8S2bwwtI0&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=168

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39_rgD7B2jE&index=169&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVbe64vXlA4&index=170&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cYcOLyxTlXk&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=171

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mBJ_1j2v5M4&index=172&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5RzQVzAtoqU&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=173

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXSTNoy5Ows&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=174

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wx__dPqUeZA&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=175

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lawNzZAu1rM&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=176

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1855Yb4id4&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=177

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xi7aGwvHocI&index=178&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEALYOPzJsc&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=179

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ual2nRVwSVg&index=180&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lY4tH6qdALw&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=181

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xAAbWRHxHPY&list=PLoncCviiPxncgfGFksqQKMkfhk3UsjNjJ&index=182